THE CIVIL WAR and THE CLOCK RELATIVES … Essay and Momentos

*************** MY DAD’S STAY AT PEA RIDGE BATTLEFIELD, ARKANSAS. *****************

Here we go …Civil War stuff! My dad, Charles Lewis Clock, collected these Minnie balls, in the two photos below, from Pea Ridge Battlefield, Arkansas. That part of Arkansas isn’t very far across the stateline from Tulsa, OK (where Dad’s family lived). He was quite young we he and his brother, Virgil, went to stay with their great uncle, Tom Lewis, in AR. Probably it was around 1920, give or take a few years. According to the way I recall the story, Tom (Margaret Ann Lewis Clock, his grandmother’s brother) was the caretaker of the battlefield and cemetery. So Dad, and I assume Virgil, had free range of where the battle occurred. At one point, Tom was also caretaker of Shiloh Battlefield and Cemetery, in Tennessee.

Minnie balls are bullets made of a large, heavy piece of lead, pointed in the front and hollowed out in the back end. Although relatively inaccurate, they had a heavy hitting, terribly destructive impact. Accuracy didn’t matter much in the massed engagements of the Civil War. Note the Minnie ball in the photo, flattened from impact during the battle.

The battle at Pea Ridge occurred when the Confederates under Van Dorn’s command, attempted to invade Missouri and permanently win the far west for the South. Curtis and his Union soldiers were there to cut them off and send ’em back to Texas. The upper map shows the first day of the two day battle at Pea Ridge, 7 March 1862. It is the only major battle where the South attacked from the north and the North moved in from the south! (Whatever that little tidbit is worth.)

The lower map is of the action on the second day of the battle (3/8/1862), when the blue coated Northerners finally routed the the Southern rebels. Sent the boys in grey retreating back south for good. The fighting was vicious and artillery played a very important role in the victory. 6 US Medals of Honor were awarded for after the Battle of Pea Ridge. (Decades later, which was very typical.) Missouri and St Louis would remain in US hands for the remainder of the Civil War.

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********************* ESSAY: “OUR RELATIVES IN THE CIVIL WAR” *********************

Well this is the 150th Anniversary of the American Civil War (1862). You know, North vs South, USA vs CSA, the battle of Antietam (the bloodiest day in our history), Pea Ridge ….and all that! I’ve been totally interested in the Civil War ever since my Dad (Charles Lewis Clock) bought a 2 volume set of books from American Heritage on the war. I poured over those things again and again, year after year. Back when I was between 10 and 15 years old. Studying every battlefield and campaign map, and every single word. A thousand hours wouldn’t be exaggerating. I was way into it …like a kid nowadays is into a video game. Yes, THAT much!

Anyway, while looking back through all the Clock family materials the other day it dawned on me ….why not tie together what all of our relatives did in the Civil War? And now that Karon Clock Lemming (wife of John Clock …son of my Uncle Virgil …you know, Virg, my Dad’s brother) has completed her booklet, “Our Ancestors: Abraham Martensen Clock & Related Families” (2012), it should be fairly easy to do. I want to try it out, because I’m hoping this blog will actually be useful to the Clocks today and in the future. That’s the idea anyway. So that perhaps someday Tristen or Taylor (my grandkids, Kristy’s children) will use all that has been done on the Clocks, for a school report or something. Or maybe they will even sit down and just read about the Clock bunch for fun …..if their computer freezes, and their Mom’s (Kristy, my daughter) cell phone breaks, and their skateboard gets stolen. and their dog ate up all their video games, and the TV quits. Then perhaps they will! Naw. (ha)

So I’m going to use what all Karon did in her booklet, “Our Ancestors”, plus what all I have done on Jacob Wilkie Clock and other relatives, plus whatever else that Pat and others have done …to do a short piece on the Clock relatives and the Civil War. No! On the Civil War + the Abolition of Slavery Movement. Here goes!

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—————————JACOB WILKIE CLOCK & THE ABOLITION OF SLAVERY—————————-

(JWC is my great grandfather, living in Montville, Ohio in the late 1830’s. He became an ardent supporter of the abolition of slavery. His diary has many entries concerning his thoughts on slavery. Here are a few entries. Jacob is a school teacher at this point in his life. Hannah is his wife. They are both in their 20’s.)

JWC’s DIARY ENTRIES:

“Wed – 19th September 1837 — Pleasant. Hannah & Ann Eliza gone to Mr Stetson’s visiting. Abolition lecture at the school house this afternoon by Mr. Tracy. Another this evening – All been to work in the fallow today.

Thur – 21st September 1837 — Pleasant. Worked in the fallow. Went to the abolition meeting last night. Mob at the school house the lecture at Mr. Stetson’s. Plan of the course so far, Liberty & Slavery defined & contrasted, degradation of mind, domestic relations broken up. Slavery a system of ‘super meanness’ because strong minds oppress weak ones. Our duty with regard to it, our influence should be against it. Girls and I stayed at Mr Stetson’s home this forenoon, 10 o’clock too late.

Fri – 16th of February 1838 — Stormy, seldom seen a day such as this, snow storm is tremendous. Scholars (his students) could not get home on foot. Sadly disappointed today when I found had brought me nothing. Anxious to hear from friends. Here at the school house. Been reading newspapers. Abolition excites the public mind. Heart pained to see the leading characters of the Methodist Church go to such fearful extremes. (radical abolitionists?). Oh what will it leave for the infidel to say? Lord save us from internal strife & hasten time when oppression will cease in this land of boasted liberty.

Tue – 12th of June 1838 — Changeable, warm. Chopping (clearing the land for farming). The papers give an account of a disgraceful riot in Philadelphia, occasioned by hostility of the populace to abolitionists.

(JWC’s 4th of July Address, as written in his diary, his speech goes on for 6 pages. I quote only the portion of the part relating to slavery)
Wed – 4th July 1838 — Another stain upon our nations glory, (he had just mentioned the fate of America’s Indians) is the vile system on American slavery. Yes in this land of freedom there are nearly three million enslaved. A strange paradox this, but no more strange than true. I am thankful there are not many among us who believe the present system of slavery is right. Liberty and slavery are discordant principles and can not long subsist together.

*(Also note: See the posting elsewhere in this blog on JWC’s friend and brother-in-law ….and later famous Civil War officer, Mortimer Leggett.)

——————————– MARY CLOCK: SLAVERY DIVIDES THE CLOCKS? ——————————–

“Mary Munson Clock (my aunt, my Dad’s oldest sister), in a letter to Linda Clock Cox (my cousin, Uncle Virgil’s daughter), explained ‘the story’ concerning the reason why some Clocks spell their names with a “K”. It seems that the Dutch brought slaves into New World and the “C” Clocks claim they changed their name from the original “K” because they did not believe in the slave trading being done by the other Klocks (in New Netherland colony). It’s a story, but there may be some truth.”

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———————————————————– TOM LEWIS ———————————————————–
“In the Iowa census, Thomas Lewis (my great grandmother’s brother) states that he fought in the Civil War, Iowa 12th Regiment, D Company.”

———————————- TOM LEWIS and CHARLES & VIRGIL CLOCK ————————————

“Barry Clock relates that ‘My father (Charles L Clock), told me growing up that he went to Pea Ridge Battlefield, Arkansas, from Tulsa ….to live with his great Uncle Tom (Lewis), with his younger brother, Virgil. Don’t know why now, think it had to do with the worldwide killer flu epidemic …and his folks wanted them away from it. If so, that would put it around 1918 or 1919.” BMC additional comments: My dad and Virg ran all around the old Civil War battlefield, since Tom was the caretaker. They found a number of Minnie balls …some shot during the battle and flattened …some in more or less perfect condition. Of course those bullets always fascinated me to the max. Finally, after a good number of years, Dad gave me 5 or 6 of them. I recently passed several of mine onto my son, Kevin. One more thing …Tom Lewis was also the caretaker for Shiloh Civil War Battlefield & Cemetery in Pittsburg Landing, TN in the early 1900’s. My great grandmother, Margaret Ann Lewis Clock, lived with him there in Tennessee for a year or so, after she was widowed when Jacob (JWC) died.

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—————————————————- JONAS McCULLICK —————————————————–

“Jonas McCullick (on my Grandmother Margaret’s side of the family, her dad) joined the Union Army from Mt Sterling, Wisconsin on 17 Aug 1864, at the age of 18 and spent 10 months in military service. He was described as a farmer, 6′ 1″ tall with blue eyes and dark hair. He joined as a substitute for Thomas Kelly, a farmer for an unspecified amount of money. (HISTORICAL NOTE: During the Civil War, if drafted, you could pay someone else to go in your place. The New York Draft Riots were largely caused by this practice …having the poor fight the war, while the wealthier ones did not serve). He was a member of Company A43 Regiment Wisconsin Infantry. The 43rd was organized late in the war and participated in only three engagements. They were ordered to Nashville, TN on Oct 10, 1864. On Dec 17, 1864 the regiment was assigned the job of burying the large number of men killed in the Battle of Nashville. Later they most of their time guarding railroad bridges and trains. He was discharged from the army as a corporal, in Nashville, on 24 June 1865. The war was over. Jonas’ older brother, David, was killed in the Civil War, in 1863.”

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———————————————————- ARNOLD SINK ———————————————————

“Arnold and Margaret Sink (on my Grandmother Margaret McCullick Clock’s side of the family, her grandpa) were parents of six children, ages 18 – 1 yr old, when the Civil War started. Arnold was 43 years old when he enlisted as a private for a period of 3 years (on Oct 20 1861) in Harrisburg, PA. He was in Company G, 4th Regiment, Pennsylvania Cavalry. They were in Washington, DC until May of 1862, when they joined the Army of the Potomac, which Arnold remained in for the rest of the war. The 4th participated in more than 135 engagements during the war …the Battle of Stone Mountain, Antietam, Fredricksburg and Mechanicsville, to name a few.
In November of 1862 he hurt his back in a fall from from a horse at Catlett’s Station, VA. He was later wounded in the Battle of Kelly’s Ford, VA, 17 March 1863. The forefinger on his right hand was shattered and the finger was amputated above the lower joint. He spent some time in a hospital at Aquia Creek, VA and was transferred to the Invalid Corps in Aug 1863. Arnold Sink was discharged from the army in Boston, 8 July 1864. The reasons for his discharge: shattered finger, back injury caused by the fall from the horse and large & troublesome bleeding piles.
During the years that Arnold was in the war, Margaret had complete responsibility for the family. I’m not sure where she lived, but I assume it was on a farm near Pittsburg, since Arnold gave that address when he was discharged. Family tradition says that she had to walk 10 miles to the post office to receive the $3 a month that he earned as a soldier.


LETTER FROM ARNOLD SINK TO PRES LINCOLN ….REQUESTING DISCHARGE.  His letter worked its way up through the Union Army chain of command, but apparently did not reach Lincoln’s desk.  The top two are Arnold’s request, with his reasons for asking for a discharge …the 3 below it are responses in the Army chain of command.  (This document came to me (BMC) from the organization that is compiling all of correspondence to and from Lincoln, in 2017.)


ARNOLD SINK’S TOMBSTONE


——————————– HENRY SCHOENBERGER & JONAS McCULLICK ——————————–

“Arnold and Margaret Sink’s daughter, Leora married Jonas McCullick. (My Grandmother was Margaret McCullick Clock. Daughter of Jonas & Leora McCullick. My dad, Charles L Clock’s mother). After the Civil War, Jonas developed a persistent cough and was told by the doctor that it was too cold and damp for him to stay in Wisconsin and should go to Kansas where the air was dry. In 1871 Arnold decided to move to Kansas, but Leora didn’t want to leave her family. So her parents promised they would move to Kansas the following year. Which Arnold & Margaret Sink did, along with their daughter, Nellie, and her husband, Henry Schoenberger (who had also been in the Civil War). Traveling by covered wagon. One night someone pulled up the stake and stole their best milk cow.” That figures. Welcome to Kansas!! ha

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———————————– KORAH J. BRIGGS & BARNABAS D. BRIGGS ————————————

Korah & Thankful Ann Briggs lost one son who enlisted as a volunteer in the Civil War (one of the last called). On my wife’s (Julie) side of the family.  The younger Korah was in the 8th Illinois Calvary for one year. He died at Fairfax Court House, Virginia on March 15, 1865 at the age of 21. (Less than a month before Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House and the war ended). Another son, Barnabas D. Briggs was in the Union army, going out at the first call for troops, but after serving for five months, he was discharged on account of sickness

———————————————- CHARLES L. CLOCK’S STORY ————————————————

A brief story from my Dad. Several different times he told me about his US History class teacher at Central High School in Tulsa. I’ll try to paraphrase it. “He was a great teacher. Got all of us interested in America’s history, everyday. His lessons on the Civil War took up nearly the whole year, though. Not much on the early stuff, before 1850 …nor on the later stuff, from 1870 on. He was from the South …and class after class, the Confederacy was doing well in battle after battle, on the verge of total victory. We never found out til the very last day of school which side actually WON the Civil War …and even then he just briefly mentioned the outcome in passing.” Pretty funny story, both Dad and I agreed. And this was over 60 years after the war ended!! The impact of that war on the USA, even today, is incalculable.

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———————– MY FAVORITE SONG ABOUT THE CIVIL WAR AND AFTER. ————————–

“THE NIGHT THEY DROVE OLD DIXIE DOWN”
(sung by The Band)

Virgil Kane is the name
And I served on the Danville train
‘Till Stoneman’s cavalry came
And tore up the tracks again

In the winter of ’65
We were hungry, just barely alive
By May the 10th, Richmond had fell
It’s a time I remember, oh so well

The night they drove old Dixie down
And the bells were ringing
The night they drove old Dixie down
And the people were singing
They went, “Na, na, la, na, na, la”

Back with my wife in Tennessee
When one day she called to me
“Virgil, quick, come see,
There goes Robert E. Lee!”

Now, I don’t mind chopping wood
And I don’t care if the money’s no good
You take what you need
And you leave the rest
But they should never
Have taken the very best

The night they drove old Dixie down
And the bells were ringing
The night they drove old Dixie down
And all the people were singing
They went, “Na, na, la, na, na, la”

Like my father before me
I will work the land
And like my brother above me
Who took a rebel stand

He was just 18, proud and brave
But a Yankee laid him in his grave
I swear by the mud below my feet
You can’t raise a Kane back up
When he’s in defeat

The night they drove old Dixie down
And the bells were ringing
The night they drove old Dixie down
And all the people were singing
They went, “Na, na, la, na, na, la”

The night they drove old Dixie down
And all the bells were ringing
The night they drove old Dixie down
And the people were singing
Na, na, na, nana, na.

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(Confederate States of America money)

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(Old rebel flag)

———————————————- AFTERWARDS: BARRY CLOCK ——————————————-

All my interest, of course, has led me to visit many of the Civil War battlefields and sites: Shiloh, Gettysburg, Antietam, Ford’s Theater, Bull Run, Wilmington, Fort Sumpter, Andersonville Prison, Savannah, Stone Mt, Wilmington, Chattanooga, etc …and way out west to the small battlefields in New Mexico and Arizona. I clearly recall going through the Smithsonian Museum of American History and stopping at a Civil War display. There, before me was a tree that had been saved from a battle (forget which one). And that section of the 10″ diameter tree had been completely chopped in two by the hail of bullets during the battle. All jagged at the top. There were dozens of bullet holes all over the tree trunk, too. It struck me …that’s just incredible! How could ANYTHING have survived that?

After all my Civil War reading and wandering …I still don’t really know very much about the war. And I’ve never even been to Appomattox Courthouse or Vicksburg. Oh well. But Pea Ridge is the one I still really want to see. You know …because of Dad’s stories from his boyhood and those Minnie balls sitting in my dresser!

Thanks so much Karon, without your booklet, “Our Ancestors”, this Civil War & Our Relatives thing would have been very very difficult to do, plus it would have taken FOREVER. You have done a great thing for all the Clocks …past present & future.

************************** MY CONFEDERATE BELT BUCKLE. ****************************

Told you guys in other parts of this Clock Family blog that I am kind of a Civil War nut. So here we go. This is Robert E. Lee’s Confederate belt buckle that I found at Fort Sumpter, SC when Julie and I were knocking around the remains of the old fort, which was the target of the first shots of the Civil War. Pretty lucky, huh? Had one of Stonewall Jackson’s boots for a while too, but lost it later on. That was kinda cool while I still had it. Oh well.

Actually, Lee was nowhere near Ft Sumpter during the war, but I did find this Confederate States of America buckle there …….in the gift shop! (Had to see if ya all were paying attention to what is on this blog …ya never know!)

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——-

(KCL & BMC)

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About clockbear13

Enough about me. More importantly, this blog is intended to be a gathering spot for all available materials relating to the Clock family, past, present & future ....an interest of mine for many years.
This entry was posted in CHARLES LEWIS CLOCK, U.S. HISTORY. Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to THE CIVIL WAR and THE CLOCK RELATIVES … Essay and Momentos

  1. Ed says:

    Hello – I just found a letter from Arnold Sink to President Abraham Lincoln. The letter is dated 19 November 1863, and it is located in the National Archives in Washington, D.C. In the letter Sink requests a discharge, citing his finger amputation. Among other details, he says that his wife “is in Wisconsin and has been confined to her bed with rheumatism for four months . . . .” Let me know if you want to know more. – Ed B.

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