THE CLOCKS/KLOCKS OF NEW AMSTERDAM (1600’s)

Here is the beginning of the story of the first Klock/Clock to come to America, in the mid-1600’s ….Abraham Martensen Klock. Coming from across the sea from The Netherlands to the Dutch colony of New Netherland (NY today). It appears he arrived in 1641, if he did, he was only 16 years old.  This post focuses on the town of early New Amsterdam, where he lived.  But most of the info on him & his family is in the very next post, titled  …ABRAHAM MARTINSZEN KLOCK.
*NOTE: The early Klock/Clock family church records are in the “DUTCH REFORMED CHURCH” post, a little further along in this blog.  

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CONTENTS OF THIS POSTING:
1. Names: Klocks & Clocks
2. Property Map of New Amsterdam & The Klock’s House
3. Living in New Amsterdam
4. Right Where They Lived (Hanover Square): The Klocks
5. Brief History of New Amsterdam
6. Maps …Colony of New Netherland, New Amsterdam & NYC Maps

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NAMES: KLOCKS & CLOCKS:

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The detailed explanation of Dutch first and last names (below my introductory paragraphs) is from Karon Clock Lemming’s booklet, “Our Ancestors”. At the very bottom is a painting of Nieuw Amsterdam (NYC today), painted in 1651 …during the time of the earliest the Clocks in America. She goes on to add that there were several other Clocks/Klocks in mid-1600’s Nieuw Amsterdam, that she located …besides our great (x6) grandparents Abraham M. & Tryntje A. Klock/Clock. Peter (possible brother of Abraham?), Cornelius and Pilgrim Klock. But their relationship to us is unknown. By the way, Tryntje is the Dutch version of the English name “Catharine/Kathyrn”.

Karon also relates our Aunt Mary’s (my dad’s oldest sister) version of the two Clock/Klock name spellings. Mary heard the split in the family occurred over slavery. It appears all were originally spelled Klock. The Klocks had slaves in the Dutch colony of New Netherland (NY today) and the Clocks did not believe in slaves and changed their names because of it.

For Reference …Here is a list of our lineage, going back to the first Clock/Klock to come to the Americas:
1. Abraham Martensen Klock (1626-1665)…& Tryntje Alberts
2. Albert Klock (1660-1725)…& Tryntje Abrams Van der Heul
3. John Clock (1695-1746)…& Deborah Schofield
4. Jacob Clock (1738-1811)…& Hannah Forbes
5. Abraham Clock (1787-1857)…& Margaret Dodge
6. Jacob Wilkie Clock (1811-1886)…& Margaret Lewis
7. Wilkie Clyde Clock (1875-1933)…& Margaret McCullick
——FOLLOWED BY MY BRANCH OF THE CLOCKS——
8. Charles Lewis Clock (1913-2001)…& Ellen Collins
9. Barry Mark Clock (1948- )…& Julie Johnson
10. Kevin Charles Clock (our son) (1978- ) & Kristy Marie Clock (our daughter) (1981- )
11. Konnor Barry Clock & Kaleb Charles Clock (2014- & 2016-) …and Tristen & Taylor Adams (2002- and 2005- ) …our grandchildren from Kevin & Kristy.
*PLEASE NOTE: There are 3 Margarets, 2 Jacobs, 2 Abrahams and 2 Tryntjes in our family. So it can get confusing. Especially when their lives over lapped, such as Margaret Ann (my great grand mother) and Margaret M (my grandmother).

As an after thought …I am way, way “into” our family’s background, certainly at times. To me it’s interesting and important. But I do realize that too much can also be made of all this stuff. For instance, when looking at the lineage list above, it just occurred to me that I have less than 1/100th of Abraham and Tryntje’s blood in my veins. So, to say we are ALL a part of “The Family of Man” is no exaggeration. And I firmly believe that what we do with ourselves now …and how we relate to, and care for one another today …is of far, far greater importance than what and who came before.
-BMC
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PROPERTY OWNERSHIP MAP OF MID-1600’s NEW AMSTERDAM & THE KLOCKS:

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This property ownership list is the key to the Castello Map (just below it). The Castello Map is the earliest detailed map to show all of New Amsterdam, New Netherland colony (later NYC, NY). It was drawn in the mid-1600’s, when the first Klocks/Clocks that came to America lived here. The property ownership list shows all of the properties in the city (town actually) which at that time only extended from the tip of Manhattan up to the defensive wall on the north (Wall Street, today). 2 houses in Block P, owned by Abraham Martensen Klock (my great grandfather X6), are listed here. One of them appears to be for his son, Albertus Klock/Clock (my great grandfather x5), to live in. The map plainly shows the 2 Klock houses next to each other. (NOTE: There are 2 block “P’s”, Abraham’s is the one on the lower right …houses #12 & 13. ALSO: This map does enlarge …be sure to do that.)

The Castello Map also shows the entire small town. Hard to imagine that it grew into one of the world’s great cities. Check it out, it’s a remarkable map …showing EACH: house and garden, public building, street, church, as well as the fort on the point of the island. Amazing! Who needs Google Earth, huh?

PROPERTY OWNERSHIP LIST (for the Castillo Map):

BLOCK P ….population of this block, 319 people.
@1. George (Joris) Wolsey ca. 1660 factor for Isaac Allerton
@2. Thomas Willettto Charles Bridges (Carel van Brugge), by marriage (wife – Sarah Cornell, wid of Thomas Willett) Jul 4, 1645
Nov 1647
@3. ditto
@4. ditto
@5. ditto
@6. Carel van Bruggeto Solomon La Chair May 1658
@7. ditto
@8. Richard Smithto Thomas Wandel Jul 4, 1645Nov 2, 1662
9@. ditto
@10. ditto
@11. Richard Smithto Evert Duyckingh 1656
@12. Abraham Martens Clock (wife – Tryntje) 1660 carpenter
@13. Abraham Martens Clock for son Albert 1660

(This came from the Wikipedia site, “New Amsterdam”)

CASTELLO MAP OF MID-1600’s NEW AMSTERDAM:

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LIVING IN NEW AMSTERDAM:

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This is intended to briefly describe what the town of New Amsterdam, New Netherland colony (NYC, NY, today) was like in the 1650’s. The town’s population was approximately 1,500 …the entire colony had a population of only 2,000. The Klock/Clock family was living there at this point in time, having recently immigrated from The Netherlands. This is what they saw, when they walked out their front door in the morning.
Text (from Wikipedia):
“Most houses in New Amsterdam in 1657 were of wood with roofs thatched with the local reeds and probably had clapboard siding. From the Prototype View and Castello plan most houses appear to have one story with a garret. Almost all buildings have their gable-end facing the street. The siding shown in the Visscher inset looks to be to be generally horizontal clapboards, though vertical (board and batten?) siding appears as well. The drawing may not be quite so accurate, since the church inside the fort has the same pattern, but was built of stone.”
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“LIFE IN 17th CENTURY NEW AMSTERDAM”
by Donna Speer Ristenbatt

Earliest life in New Amsterdam was primitive by today’s standards, but did change considerably in a relatively short time frame. After Minuit purchased the island of Manhattan, a fort was staked out by the engineer, Krijn Frederijcke, on the southern part of the island, called Fort Amsterdam. A stone building with a thatched roof was the counting house of the Dutch West Indies Company, while the other buildings (houses) were of wood. There were about thirty houses on the east side of the river. A horse mill was begun by Frances Moelmacker with a large room above used as a meeting place for religious services. With no regular clergymen, Sebastian Jansen Krol and Jan Huych, Comforters of the Sick (Kranck- besoeckers), read the Bible and held meetings on Sundays. Jan Lempo was the schout, or sheriff.

Each colonist had his own farm on the Company’s land and was supplied with cows. These temporary dwellings were outside the Fort at this time. By 1628, Fort Amsterdam was completed with four bastions, and faced with stone. There were now 270 people in the colony including men, women and children and the people supported themselves chiefly by farming. The West Indies Company made up for deficiencies.

During Wouter Van Twiller’s administration, Dominie Everardus Bogardus arrived, and 104 soldiers, New Netherland’s first military force. Also, Adam Roelantsen, the first schoolmaster arrived. A church was now built on Pearl Street and the fort was finished in 1635.

When Van Twiller was succeeded by Willem Kieft, a new stone church was built within the Fort, building lots were granted and citizens were allowed to vote in public affairs. The “Twelve Men” were selected to advise the governor in the Indian trouble. The Indian war made Kieft very unpopular and he was recalled. Unfortunately when he set sail on the Princess in July, 1647, the boat suffered shipwreck and he and the other passengers, including Dominie Bogardus, were drowned.

Regarding food in the colony, the woods were full of game and unoccupied land was used for common pasturage. Goats, sheep, hog, and cattle needed protection against their natural enemies as well as Indians and dishonest white men. The enemies referred to were primarily wolves and dogs.

Early householders didn’t always fence their grounds, thus animals would stray elsewhere. Pigs were incorrigible and pigs, goats, sheep and cattle would stray on the walls of the fort.

While the Dutch were known for extreme cleanliness, this did not apply to the streets. People would throw their rubbish, filth, dead animals and such into the public streets.

In direct contrast with this filth were the lovely gardens and flower beds. The tulip mania began in France in 1635 and soon spread to the Low Countries. During this time the following flowers could be found in New Netherland – white and red roses, eglantine, gillyflowers, jenoffelins, tulips, crown imperials, white lilies, the lily frutalaria, anemones, violets, marigolds, summer sots, etc.

Gardens were very important in New Netherland and sometimes men whose sole occupation was gardening, were the keepers of the gardens. In 1665, William the Gardener (de Tenier) lived in the Prince Graft.

Fruit and vegetable sellers displayed their wares in baskets in their shops and also carried them from door to door, even on a Sunday. Fruits such as pears, peaches, grapes, melons, plums, nectarines, cherries, strawberries, raspberries, etc. were produced. Vegetables included cabbages, parsnips, carrots, beets, endive, succory, finckel, sorrel, dill, spinach, radishes, onions, parsley, and whatever is commonly found in a kitchen garden, plus Indian maize, or corn.

In 1642, two very important buildings were erected, – the city tavern and the church in the fort. At a later date the city tavern became the Stadt Huys, or City Hall, for both Dutch and English. Also, on March 31, 1644, a fence was ordered to be erected so that cattle could be pastured in security.

First, houses were built of wood with thatched roofs. Some houses, though, were built of brick and stone with tiled roofs, and some wooden houses had brick chimneys. (Brick kilns soon existed on Manhattan Island, at Fort Orange, and in the Dutch settlement on the Delaware.) There is ample evidence that glass was used in the windows of all but the poorest houses. Glaziers did indeed exist in New Amsterdam.

In 1648, firewardens were appointed due largely in part to flimsy construction of dwellings and people neglecting to keep the chimneys clean. Also coming into being was the “schuttery.” The Burgher Watch (Citizen’s Watch or Guard) was formed. At a later period the Rattle Watch was instituted, consisting of six men whose duty was to patrol streets at night, to arrest thieves, to give alarm in case of fire, and all other warnings. They carried a large rattle. In 1658, they were required to call out (going the rounds) “how late it is at all the corners of streets from nine o’clockin the evening until the reveillé beat in the morning”. Each man received eighteen guilders a month.

Around 1655, the Schoeyinge was constructed – a sort of sea wall that reached from the City Hall at Coenties Slip to the Water Gate at Wall Street. On the northern side of Wall Street from the East to the Hudson River a line of defense was erected called the Palisades.

In 1678, the principal towns were New York, Albany and Kingston. All the rest were country villages.

In 1697, the streets were first lighted at every seventh house by a lantern which hung on a projected pole.

By 1707, when Madame Knight visited New York, she wrote: “The Cittie of New York is a pleasant, well compacted place situated on a commodious River with a fine harbor for shipping. The Buildings, Brick generally, very stately and high, though not altogether like ours in Boston”.

For more information on this subject, you might want to read the source for this material:

“Dutch In New York” by Esther Singleton, New York: Dodd, Mead and Company (original publishers) 1909.

NIEUW AMSTERDAM

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DUTCH CUSTOMS IN NEW AMSTERDAM:

“In the Colony of New York, the manners of the colonists, until the conquest by the English in 1664, were strictly Dutch, — the same steadfast pursuit of wealth, the same plodding industry, the same dress, air and physiognomy, which are given as characteristic of Holland, were equally characteristics of the inhabitants of New Amsterdam (New York City). After the English became the owners of the territory, the manners of the Dutch were more or less modified by intercourse with them; but they did not blend readily, and the differences were long to be observed.
The manners and customs of the Dutch were, doubtless, as singular and laughable as those of the [Puritan] New England colonies. The gable-end of their houses invariably faced on the street. They had large doors and small windows on every floor. The date of their erection, was curiously designated by iron figures on the front, and on the top of the roof was a fine-looking little weathervane.
The family always entered the gate, and most generally lived in the kitchen. The front door was never opened, except on special occasions, such as a marriage, a funeral, or a New Year’s Day. The grand parlor was, of course, washed and sanded once a week, even if no one had stepped into it during the week. The sand on the floor was stroked into angles, and curves, and other figures, with the broom.
In the kitchen, near the chimney, the old burgher would sit for hours, in perfect silence, puffing his pipe, and looking into the fire with half-shut eyes, thinking of nothing on earth; while his “goede vrowe,” on the opposite side, would sew, or knit, or mend stockings; the young folks, meanwhile, listening to some old crone of an [African American], who would entertain them with stories about New England witches, ghosts, and such like.
A well-regulated family, “always rose at day-break, dined at eleven, and went to bed about sun-down. At tea-parties, they commonly assembled at three o’clock in the afternoon, and returned at six. The tea table was crowned with a huge earthen dish, well stored with slices of fat pork, cut up into morsels, and swimming in fat. Sometimes the table was graced with immense apple pies, or saucers full of preserved peaches. Doughnuts, or “oly koeks” were seldom forgotten. Such is the humorous, and yet, for the most part truthful, account of the Dutch in New York, furnished by one of their own writers [“Knickerbocker’s New York”].
These peculiarities are observable, to some extent, in Dutch settlements, even to the present time. Within the remembrance of the author [1858], the following occurrence took place. He was seated at the tea-table, while on a visit at a fine old Dutch gentleman’s, when the mistress of’ ceremonies said to him, “Sir, do you stir or bite?” “Stir or bite! Madam, pardon me, I do not understand you.” “0,” she replied, smiling, “some persons prefer to stir the sugar in the tea; others, to bite the sugar and sip the tea.” Upon this, the old burgher remarked, that this was modern custom, but that at an earlier day the practice was to suspend a large lump of sugar directly over the tea-table, by a string from the ceiling, so that it could be swung round from mouth to mouth.
In other colonies [diversity] might be noticed, as those of the Fins in Delaware, the Roman Catholics in Maryland, and the Quakers in Pennsylvania; but, before the close of the period, the peculiarities of the several classes became less distinct by intercourse with the others, and every succeeding generation seemed to exhibit less strikingly those traits which distinguished the preceding. The elegant varieties of life were more tolerated, and the refinements of polished society appeared among the higher classes.”

(from: “A History of the United States”, by Charles A. Goodrich,1857)

THE LAYOUT OF THE CITY:
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Analysis of the Castello plan map gives us an idea of the number and location of houses (253), taverns (20), public buildings (11), military buildings (9) , as well as land use: formal gardens (59), orchards/trees (302) etc. The number and size of gardens beds, orchards and formal gardens is surprising (to me). The lot of Augustine Herman (B1, corner Broadway and Exchange Place, 33′ x 225′) has some of each. The map doesn’t make clear whether the garden beds are for vegetables, flowers or both. Lots were smaller near The Strand* (Pearl Street). The WIC lot #F5 was 24′ X 107′.” *The early Clocks owned 2 houses with smaller lots on The Strand (Pearl Street & Hanover Square area, today) in New Amsterdam for a number of years. SEE: The “Hanover Sq/Property Ownership” posting in this blog. (Excerpts from Wikipedia)

On lighter note ….suppose that the title to those two lots of Abraham’s and Tryntje’s on Manhattan, next to Hanover Square today, have remained unclaimed throughout the years? And they legally still belong to the Clocks ….to US!!! See where I’m going with this, folks? Can you imagine what they would be worth today?? Me first …I’ll be sure you guys all get your fair share. Promise!


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RIGHT WHERE THE FIRST KLOCKS LIVED ….(Hanover Square, NYC today)

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Sketch of Early New Amsterdam (1650):
New Amsterdam from near where the Statue of Liberty stands today. It was sketched during the time that Abraham and Tryntje lived there. That’s what the “city” of a thousand or so people looked like ….about 40 years after it was founded by the Dutch. You’ll have to admit that the windmill is pretty cool. They should have kept it. 🙂

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NYC Street Map (2011):
A street map of NYC today, showing the area where the Clocks/Klock’s lived. (See the pin) The bank of the East River has been filled in through the centuries. The property they owned used to sit by the water. It is now two blocks away from the river!

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NYC Satellite Image (2012):
A satellite image of lower Manhattan Island, NYC, today. It shows the approximate area that the Castello Map showed. (The pin shows where Abraham’s place was.) A few changes in nearly 400 years, huh?

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NYC 3-D Image (2012):
A 3-D image of the tip of Manhattan, showing the scale of the buildings today. The Klock/Clock place was 2 blocks behind the dock with all the grey harbor traffic lines coming out of it. In the Hanover Square area of NYC.

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HANOVER SQUARE:

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Below is a brief history of the area of New Amsterdam (today NYC) where Abraham Martensen Klock & Tryntje Klock (Clock) lived in the mid-1600’s. They were the earliest of our ancestors to come to the New World …from Holland. My great grandparents (x6). When they lived here it was still the Dutch colony of New Netherland (later New York colony/state).

Don’t you just wonder why Abraham, young and single, immigrated? Why he left it all behind? What he was dreaming and hoping on the voyage across the Atlantic? What he thought when he first stepped ashore? Into the New World. Did he think …”You call THIS a new world”? Or …”When does the next ship return back home to The Netherlands”? Or perhaps ….”Awesome! This is going to be an adventure!” Or did he just trudge down a dusty “street”, glad to finally be on dry land ….then start asking about work, where to get a piece of pie and if anyone knew a place to stay the night?

At the time that Abraham Martensen Klock/Clock arrived (1640’s), New Amsterdam was a small, isolated frontier town on the tip of Manhattan Island that lived off of the fur trade. The whole little town only went from tip of the island to the wall (Wall Street, today). Mud streets. Remember, this was long before the hated New York Yankees arrived. (Those were the days, huh?). Abraham Klock and Tryntje Alberts married and eventually owned two houses, where Hanover Square is now located in New York City.

PLEASE NOTE: The area where their houses were was directly on the banks of the East River during the 1600’s. Since then, landfills have extended the city out into the river by 2 blocks. So the site of where their homes were (Hanover Square) sits two blocks away from the East River today.

ALSO OF NOTE: The Clocks eventually left New York City for other parts of the state and Connecticut. But at times some of them moved back. For instance, Jacob Wilkie Clock (my great grandfather) was born in NYC, in the early 1800’s and lived with his parents near Hanover Square. His earliest recollection was of slipping and falling into the East River, nearly drowning. Someone nearby rescued him. When he got home, shivering and wet, he was in BIG trouble, to put it mildly. (See: JWC Autobiography post further along in this blog) Could it be that his family was living in the same house the family owned over 150 years before? I guess it’s possible, but not likely. Do you?

The name Hanover Square was not used until the British gained control of New York in the late 1600’s. The British Memorial Garden in the square is a tribute to the British victims of the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, NYC, on September 11, 2001.

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HISTORY OF HANOVER SQUARE:
(From the NYC Parks Dept.)
.056 acre park

The land in and around this park has been used continuously since at least 1637 when it was part of a public street and fronted directly on the East River. By 1730 this area was known as Hanover Square in tribute to the House of Hanover which had acceded to the English throne in the person of George I in 1714. For much of the 18th century, Hanover Square was the center of New York’s printing trade and retail business. Local shops sold imported books, clothing, glassware, hardware, and furniture, as well as wine, tobacco, and tea. The Bank of New York moved its headquarters to the square in 1787.

In 1794 the Common Council changed the names of several city streets to reflect the young republic’s independence. Hanover Square and Hanover Street were to be incorporated into Pearl Street, but the changes were never enforced, and the names remained intact. An article in an 1815 issue of the Columbian reported that “heavy demolition and construction in Hanover Square promise much amendment in the convenience and beauty of this city, not unworthy of a growing metropolis, rapidly resuming the first rank in commercial activity and importance in the United States”. That year the site of this park was acquired by the City of New York for street purposes.

The Great Fire of 1835 destroyed almost all of the buildings in the area. In time, the area was rebuilt as a commercial and financial center, which it remains to this day. The landmarked India House building (originally the Hanover Bank) is the only surviving example of the many Italianate banks erected in the financial district in the 1850s. Other historic buildings around Hanover Square include 1 Williams Street and 1 Wall Street Court, both built in the first decade of the 20th century. Numbers 3, 5, 7, 10, and 11 Hanover Square are examples of more recent downtown development.

The small triangular parcel known as Hanover Square Park did not receive park jurisdiction until 1952, when it was developed as a sitting area. In the late 1970s the park was thoroughly reconstructed and replanted as part of an overall redevelopment of nearby private commercial properties. The improvements provided new benches, paving, curbs, and hedges and small trees in planters.

In addition to recognizing the completed renovations, the 1979 rededication of the park also celebrated the installation of the over life-size portrait statue of Abraham De Peyster. Born in New Amsterdam, De Peyster (1657-1728) was one of the city’s wealthiest merchants. He held almost all of the important offices in the city and colony, including alderman, mayor, member of the king’s council, and acting governor. His descendant John Watts De Peyster commissioned sculptor George Edwin Bissell to design the monument, which was dedicated in Bowling Green in 1896. The bronze statue was removed from its original location in 1972 and moved to a new pedestal in Hanover Square Park four years later. In 1999 the sculpture was restored by the City Parks Foundation Monuments Conservation Program. From his lofty perch, the lustrous and illustrious Dutchman surveys the hustle of the Financial District.

The Abraham De Peyster sculpture has been removed from the park to accommodate the redesign of Hanover Square as the British Memorial Garden to commemorate British victims of the 9/11 terrorist attack on the nearby World Trade Center towers. It has been temporarily placed in storage until a new location has been determined for its reinstallation.


STONE STREET HISTORIC DISTRICT OF NYC (Land Ownership in Hanover Square):

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5 IMAGES OF HANOVER SQUARE:
The images below are of the area right where Abraham & Tryntje Klock/Clock (and their son Albertus’s family as well) lived.

A painting of what it looked like during Abraham & Tryntje’s time (1600’s). From Karon Clock Lemming’s booklet “Our Ancestors” (2012).
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Street cam photo of Hanover Square today. All of the present day images of the area and NYC were provided by Bob Hollingsworth (his wife, my cousin Jane, is Ruth Clock Elmer’s daughter. Ruth was (my dad) Charles Clock’s sister. Anyway, Bob downloaded them, because I couldn’t.

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This image is a present day satellite photo of the area where their home was.
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Hanover Square: English gardens with the India House in the background. (2013)

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2 photos taken by Emily Clock, Karon & John Clock’s daughter, during her visit to NYC 2013. The first is located at the top of this Hanover Square section. The other is below. Darn right I’m jealous.

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A VERY BRIEF HISTORY OF NIEUW AMSTERDAM (1609 -1674)

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A Brief History of New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam)

HENRY HUDSON: On September 3, 1609 Englishman Henry Hudson in the employ of the Dutch East India Company sailed the Half Moon through The Narrows into Upper New York Bay. Like Christopher Columbus, Hudson was looking for a westerly passage to Asia. He never found one, but he did make note of the abundant beaver population. Beaver pelts were in fashion in Europe, fueling a lucrative business. Hudson’s report on the beaver population of the New York area served as the impetus for the founding of Dutch trading colonies in the New World, among them New Amsterdam, which would become New York City. The beaver’s importance in New York City history is reflected by its use on the city’s official seal.

Peter Stuyvesant 4]

DUTCH – INDIAN CONFLICTS: European settlement began with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement on Lower Manhattan in 1613 (called Nieuw Amsterdam). Soon after, in 1626, construction of Fort Amsterdam began. Willem Kieft became director general in 1638, but five years later was embroiled in Kieft’s War against the Native Americans. The Pavonia Massacre, across the Hudson River in present day Jersey City resulted in the death of eighty natives in February 1643. Following the massacre, eleven Algonquian tribes joined forces and nearly defeated the Dutch. Holland sent additional forces to the aid of Kieft, leading to the overwhelming defeat of the Native Americans, and a peace treaty on August 29, 1645. The area that would eventually encompass New Amsterdam and modern day New York City was inhabited by the Lenape people. These groups of culturally and linguistically identical Native Americans traditionally spoke an Algonquian language. It has been estimated that at the time of European settlement there were approximately 15,000 Lenape total in approximately 80 settlement sites around the region. By 1700 there were less than 100 Lenape people left in the area.

THE COLONY GROWS: On May 27, 1647, Peter Stuyvesant was inaugurated as director general upon his arrival, and ruled as a member of the Dutch Reformed Church. The colony was granted self-government in 1652 and New Amsterdam was formally incorporated as a city February 2, 1653.[10]

BRITISH CONQUEST: In 1664, the English conquered the area and renamed it “New York” after the Duke of York and Albany.[11] The Dutch briefly regained it in 1673, renaming the city “New Orange”, before permanently ceding the colony of New Netherland to the English for what is now Suriname in November 1674. Some area names are still reminiscent of the Dutch period, most notably Flushing (Dutch town of Vlissingen), Harlem (Dutch town of Haarlem) and Brooklyn (Dutch town of Breukelen).

FLAG OF THE DUTCH WEST INDIES COMPANY:


SEAL OF THE CITY OF NEW AMSTERDAM: Note the windmill and beaver …staples of the early colonial city.

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MAPS …COLONY OF NEW NETHERLAND, NEW AMSTERDAM & NEW YORK CITY

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MAP OF THE COLONY (early 1600’s):
Long Island is in the center of the map, colored red.

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MANHATTAN AREA MAP (early 1600’s):

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THE KLOCK/CLOCK PLACE, NEW AMSTERDAM (1660):
It is located in the area labelled “P”, the one on the RIGHT, not on the left (there are 2 Ps for some reason). Abraham & Tryntje’s place is on the far right hand end of that block, at the bottom. Their son Albertus’s house was next to it, just above. Both Clock places took up the entire end of that block. This detail is from the famous Castello map of 1660. If you are interested, I have seen blown up images of this map (“Layout of the City” in …”Living in N Am” section, above, in this posting) that actually show the fences, trees & gardens on individual properties. In detail. It is very impressive. So, it really is possible to look into Abraham’s back yard, today!!

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STREET GRID MAP OF NEW AMSTERDAM (later years):

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NYC – 1928:
270 years later. Oh my!!

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NEW YORK CITY …STORY OF THE INDIA HOUSE – Lower Manhattan – 2013:
Abraham Clock’s home was next to where the India House is today (#14 on the map). Located at 1 Hanover Square. Of interest, at least to me ….the India House Club is “THE” business club in Lower Manhattan and has been for nearly a century. The club was founded in 1914 by the President of US Steel to promote the coordination of international trade with international banking. Membership through the years has included CEOs of many of America’s largest companies, as well as US Presidents and cabinet members. It is exclusive, for members only, with annual dues of over $1,000 and holds the best collection of maritime paintings in the world. The India House was at one time, beginning in the mid-1800’s: the Hanover Bank, then The NY Cotton Exchange (1st commodity market in the USA) and finally the home of the India House Club today. Wonder what Abraham and Trynje would think of their new neighbors??

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INDIA HOUSE, 1 Hanover Square (2013):

(The story of the India House is above the NYC map, just above)

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About clockbear13

Enough about me. More importantly, this blog is intended to be a gathering spot for all available materials relating to the Clock family, past, present & future ....an interest of mine for many years.
This entry was posted in ABRAHAM CLOCK & BEFORE, U.S. HISTORY. Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to THE CLOCKS/KLOCKS OF NEW AMSTERDAM (1600’s)

  1. Jean Alkire says:

    Thank you so much for this site! My grandmother is Margaret Mather Clock Alkire, James Harvey, Wm, Gideon, John, John, Albertus, Abraham. We know James Harvey Clock was born in Darien, CT, but lived at 83 Vandam St. NYC in 1878. There is an art gallery there now. He ultimately became a dry goods merchant in Dayton and then Mt. Sterling, Ohio.

  2. Andrew C. White says:

    Hello Cousin Barry,

    I’m going to have to give all this a good read. My line:
    Abraham-Albert-Johannes-Peter-Ebenezer-Ebenezer-Hezekiah-Ernest-Evelyn to my father Warner White and myself.

    Andrew C. White

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